• Regulation Governing Collective Investment Schemes June 2003

    • Preface

      In pursuit of its objective of continuing to develop Bahrain as a major international financial centre for fund management business, the Agency introduced the Regulation with Respect to the General Supervision, Operation and Marketing of Collective Investment Schemes (1992).

      Basically the above Regulation seeks to provide an appropriate framework of supervision for schemes that are established and/pr Marketed in/from Bahrain by banks and financial institutions. This framework ensures the soundness and stability with a view to providing a firm basis for the confidence of investors.

      This publication has been produced for the benefit of banks and financial institutions involved or interested in establishing and/or marketing collective investment schemes in Bahrain. The Agency hopes that this publication will assist those involved in carrying out the above investment activities to better understand the requirements of the Agency in this area.

    • Regulation with respect to the General Supervision, Operation and Marketing of Collective Investment Schemes

      • Agency Circular OG/356/92 Collective Investment Schemes

        OG/356/92

        18th November, 1992

        The General Manager,
        All FCBs/IBs/OBUs and Representative Offices,
        Manama,
        Bahrain.

        Dear Sir,

        Re: Collective Investment Schemes

        As you are aware, the Agency has been considering the introduction of arrangements for the supervision, operation and marketing of Collective Investment Schemes which are either already established and/or marketed in Bahrain, or which intend to be so established and/or marketed in Bahrain in the future. This work is consistent with the intention of the Bahrain authorities to develop and diversify further Bahrain's financial sector.

        In this connection and in accordance with Resolution No. (3) of 1992 on 24th October, 1992 signed by H.H. Sh. Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa, The Prime Minister, Chairman of the Board of the Bahrain Monetary Agency, the Agency is hereby circulating the attached Regulation with respect to the general supervision, operation and marketing of Collective Investment Schemes.

        Banks and other financial institutions in Bahrain which have already established and/or are engaged in the marketing of Collective Investment Schemes will wish to note the requirements of the Regulation, while other such institutions may wish to consider participating in the type of activity covered by the Regulation.

        Banks and other financial institutions for which the Regulation is, or may become, relevant should feel free to contact Mr. Anwar Al-Sadah (Director of Financial Institutions Supervision) here at the Agency on 529444 for further information and guidance.

        Yours sincerely,

        Abdulla H. Saif,
        Governor

      • Regulation with respect to the General Supervision, Operation and Marketing of Collective Investment Schemes

        • 1. Supervision

          A. In accordance with the powers given to it pursuant to the provisions of Articles 41 and 50 of Decree Law No. (23) of 1973 (the "BMA Law"), the Bahrain Monetary Agency (the "Agency") shall supervise and regulate all collective investment schemes (the "schemes") established and/or marketed in any manner whatsoever in the State of Bahrain ("Bahrain"). In this Regulation, the term "scheme" shall include any scheme, regardless of the form thereof (including, but not limited to, a mutual fund investment company with fixed or variable capital), the sole object of which is the collective investment in transferable securities (or other investments disclosed to, and agreed by, the Agency) of capital raised from the public, which operates on the principle of risk-spreading and the holdings or interests in which are, at the request of the investors in such schemes (the "scheme participants"), repurchased, redeemed, reimbursed or otherwise repaid, directly or indirectly, out of the assets of the scheme.
          B. Only banking firms or financial institutions (herein jointly referred to as "institutions") operating in/from Bahrain and licensed by the Agency shall be entitled to apply to establish and/or market schemes in/from Bahrain. No scheme shall be established and/or marketed in/from Bahrain without the express prior written authorisation and approval of the Agency.
          C. The authorisation and/or approval of a scheme by the Agency shall not constitute a warranty as to the performance of a scheme and the Agency shall not be liable for the performance or default of a scheme.

        • 2. Participation in Schemes

          Both Bahraini and/or non-Bahraini citizens shall be entitled to become scheme participants and, for the purposes of this Regulation, the term "unit" shall mean any holding or interest, regardless of the form thereof (including, but not limited to, a share in a mutual fund investment company), by a scheme participant in a scheme.

        • 3. Applications Authorisation, Approval, and Revocation

          A. Every institution shall submit a written application, in form and substance satisfactory to the Agency, to obtain (i) its authorisation to establish and/or market a scheme in/from Bahrain (and, in the case of an institution incorporated in Bahrain, to establish and/or market a scheme outside of Bahrain) and (ii) (in each case) its approval for the particulars of the scheme itself.
          B. The Agency may, in its discretion and having consulted with other relevant authorities, either authorise and approve (with or without conditions), or refuse its authorisation and approval for such scheme.
          C. Every institution shall obtain the Agency's prior approval to any material changes in the terms and conditions and other features of a scheme originally authorised and approved under this Regulation.
          D. In addition to the general authorisation and approval referred, the Agency's prior express written approval must be obtained as to (i) the identity of any persons involved in the management and operation of a scheme (who shall, in all cases, and unless the Agency otherwise permits, be separate and independent of each other) and (ii) the form and content of all documentation relevant to a scheme.
          E. The Agency may, in whole or in part, revoke or impose conditions upon any authorisation and approval given hereunder.

        • 4. Accounts and other General Supervisory Matters

          A. Every institution shall at all times keep proper, complete and separate accounting systems, books and records of account for an authorised and approved scheme.
          B. The Agency and the relevant institution shall agree on the form and content of all reports, statements and other documentation to be provided to the Agency and the scheme participants, as well as the regularity of, and time periods within which, such reports, statements and documents are to be provided.
          C. The Agency shall be provided each year with a detailed report for each scheme authorised and approved by it. Scheme participants shall be provided each year with such a report for the scheme in which they have participated. Any report to be provided under this paragraph 4. C shall include the financial statements for such scheme, which statements shall be (i) prepared in accordance with standards acceptable to the Agency and (ii) audited by a firm of accountants approved by the Agency. Such auditors shall be and act, at all times and in all respects, independently of the scheme and any person involved in the management and operation thereof.
          D. Every institution shall provide to the Agency, in form and substance satisfactory to it, such information in relation to an authorised and approved scheme as the Agency may require from time to time.

        • 5. Miscellaneous

          A. The Agency may make subsidiary rules and regulations and may issue principles of supervision, operation and marketing for the proper and regular enforcement of this Regulation from time to time. These subsidiary rules and regulations and principles may deal with any matter referred to herein and/or any other matters incidental or additional thereto (including, but not limited to, the principles upon which any persons involved in the management and operation of a scheme shall carry out their duties, the fees which may be charged under a scheme, the method for pricing the units in a scheme, disclosure of certain matters to scheme participants and restrictions on the investment powers of a scheme), and may be applicable to any one or all schemes authorised and approved hereunder.
          B. Any scheme existing on 18th November, 1992, the date of commencement of this Regulation, shall have a period of 24 months from the date in which to comply with this Regulation and any subsidiary rules, regulations and principles which the Agency may issue pursuant hereto in that period.
          C. Without prejudice to the provisions of this Regulation, the Agency may, in its discretion, exempt certain schemes, including those existing at the date of the commencement of this Regulation, from some or all of the requirements hereof.
          D. Save as otherwise provided by the Agency, the provisions of the BMA Law concerning banking firms shall also apply to other financial institutions authorised to establish and/or market schemes under this Regulation.

    • Principles of Supervision, Operation and Marketing with respect to Collective Investment Schemes

      • Agency Circular OG/318/95 Principles of Supervision, Operation and Marketing with respect to Collective Investment Schemes

        OG/318/95

        4th November, 1995

        The General Manager
        All FCBs, IBs, OBUs and Representative Offices
        Manama
        Bahrain

        Dear Sir,

        Principles of Supervision, Operation and Marketing with respect to Collective Investment Schemes

        I now attach, for your information and attention, a copy of the above Principles, which are now issued by the Agency pursuant to Circular No. OG/356/92 dated 18th November 1992.

        Unless the Agency expressly gives its permission in writing to the contrary, all banks and other financial institutions which are involved in the establishment and/or marketing of Collective Investment Schemes in/from Bahrain are henceforth required to comply in full with the attached Principles which override and supercede previous directions of the Agency in this context. Schemes, the establishment and/or marketing of which have been authorised and approved by the Agency prior to the date of this letter, and which do not comply in full with the attached Principles, should be brought to the attention of the Agency without delay. The Agency will give specific directions to relevant parties on what, if anything, the Agency requires to be done in such cases.

        Any queries and/or clarifications sought in relation to the attached Principles should be directed to Mr. Anwar Al-Sadah, Director of Financial Institutions Supervision, at the Agency (Tel: 529444/445).

        Yours faithfully,

        Abdulla H. Saif
        Governor

      • Principles of Supervision, Operation and Marketing with respect to Collective Investment Schemes; Issued Pursuant to Agency Circular No. OG/356/92 Dated 18th November, 1992

        • General Principles

          1. Unless otherwise directed by the Agency, only paragraphs 43 and 44 (and those other paragraphs of these Principles which are, in the Agency's opinion, consistent with the marketing in Bahrain thereof) shall apply to schemes established and managed outside Bahrain which are merely to be marketed in Bahrain.
          2. The activities and business of the scheme, and (as may be appropriate) of persons involved in the management, operation and marketing of schemes (including, but not limited to, any person whose role in the scheme is to hold assets thereof for and on behalf of the scheme and the scheme participants), shall be supervised and regulated by the Agency. Such persons (herein referred to as the "relevant persons") shall perform such functions and have such duties in the scheme as are set out in the documents relevant to the establishment and form of the scheme (herein referred to as the "scheme documents") and shall, at all times, act in accordance with these Principles, the scheme documents and the Agency's directions.
          3. At all times, all relevant persons shall act in the best interests of the scheme and the scheme participants, taking into account the stated objectives of the scheme and other relevant factors.
          4. All persons involved in any way with schemes shall ensure that at all times these Principles (as amended from time to time) and any directions issued by the Agency in relation to a particular scheme and/or schemes in general, are adhered to in all respects and that no deviation therefrom occurs without the prior express written consent of the Agency.
          5. No person involved in any way with a scheme in any capacity, nor any person connected therewith, shall carry out transactions for itself, or make a profit from transactions in any assets held under a scheme, which transactions shall always be carried out at arm's length.

        • Mutual Fund Investment Company Established in, and Marketed in/from, Bahrain

          6. A scheme in the form of a mutual fund investment company established in, and marketed in/from, Bahrain shall (at all times) have an initial paid-up share capital which is acceptable to the Agency. Unless the Agency expressly agrees otherwise in writing, the net asset value of the scheme must reach US$5 million (or equivalent) no later than 6 months after the commencement of the scheme (as agreed with the Agency and specified in the scheme documents). In the event that the net asset value fails to reach this amount within this six month period, or falls below this amount at any time thereafter, the Agency may require the scheme to be wound up, or require other action to be taken, in accordance with its instructions. The Agency may, at its discretion, require a scheme in a form other than a mutual fund investment company to meet similar requirements in this context.
          7. A scheme in the form of a mutual fund investment company shall include the words "investment company" on all documentation and instruments, and may, from time to time and if so authorised by its constitutive documents, (i) issue (and redeem) redeemable preference shares, and/or (ii) repurchase its own shares.
          8. The directors of the mutual fund investment company shall be knowledgeable and experienced in the area of collective investment schemes generally, and shall be fully conversant and acquainted with all aspects of the instant scheme in particular, bearing in mind their liabilities to the scheme and scheme participants.

        • Relevant Persons

          9. All relevant persons shall, subject to the Agency's specific prior written agreement to the contrary, be bodies corporate with their registered office in the State of Bahrain which, in the opinion of the Agency, (i) have sufficient financial resources at their disposal to enable them to conduct their business effectively and to meet their liabilities, (ii) do not engage in activities which, are inconsistent with their functions in, and duties to, such scheme, and (iii) are sufficiently experienced and qualified to carry out the duties imposed on them in relation to a particular scheme.
          10. The liability of any relevant person who holds the assets of a scheme pursuant to the scheme documents shall not be affected by the fact that such relevant person may have given possession of some or all of those assets to a third party.
          11. A relevant person shall be (i) a bank licensed by the Agency, or (ii) a company approved by the Agency which is wholly owned by a licensed bank, or (iii) any other person approved by the Agency at its discretion. Such relevant person may retire, be discharged or replaced, from time to time, in accordance with the scheme documents, or by order of the Agency acting at its discretion and/or on a request from the scheme, or (as may be appropriate) any other relevant person, or the scheme participants. Any new person appointed as a replacement in this regard shall have the same powers, duties, authorities, and discretion as if it had originally held such position.
          12. To ensure the safe custody of the assets of a scheme, and in order to ensure that it carries out its duties to the scheme participants, such relevant person shall:
          (i) act with diligence, act as would a prudent person, act to the best of its ability and skill and observe the utmost good faith;
          (ii) keep the assets of a scheme separate from its personal property and separately identifiable from any property of any other scheme in its possession;
          (iii) keep accurate accounts and records for each scheme for which it holds assets;
          (iv) be impartial and do, or refrain from doing, any act or deed which is, or might be, the advantage of one scheme, and/or one scheme participant, at the expense of another scheme, and/or scheme participant;
          (v) act in all other respects in accordance with the scheme documents and/or as the Agency may so require, including, if appropriate, providing certain information and preparing reports to the scheme and/or (as may be appropriate) other relevant persons, and the scheme participants and/or the Agency on such matters as the scheme documents and/or the Agency may specify; and
          (vi) use all its powers to achieve the above and have all powers reasonably incidental to the above.
          13. Such relevant person shall be liable to the scheme, and/or (as may be appropriate) other relevant persons, and the scheme participants, for any loss suffered by any one or more of them as a result of the unjustifiable failure to perform, or the improper performance of, its obligations. This liability shall not in any way be diminished by any provision in any document, save to the extent that any release or indemnity from liability relates to a prior event and/or where not less than 75% in value of the units in issue at that date have agreed to such release or indemnity.

        • Investment Policies

          14. Subject to obtaining the prior written agreement of the Agency to the contrary, which agreement shall also be required for any variation in the investment policies and limits referred to below, a scheme may:
          (i) invest in transferable securities admitted to official listing on stock exchanges recognised by the Agency;
          (ii) invest in transferable securities, other than those referred to above, up to a maximum of 10% of its total assets;
          (iii) invest in transferable securities issued or guaranteed by any government (or its agencies) or public international bodies, without limitation provided that any one such issue shall not account for more than 20% of its total assets;
          (iv) invest in other transferable debt instruments up to a maximum of 10% of its total assets;
          (v) invest in options and warrants for hedging purposes. In addition, to value of a scheme's investment in warrants and options not held for such purposes may not exceed 15% of its total assets;
          (vi) enter into financial futures contracts for hedging purposes. In addition, a scheme may enter into futures contracts on an unhedged basis provided that the net aggregate value of contract prices, together with the net aggregate value of holdings under no. (vii) below, does not exceed 20% of total assets;
          (vii) invest in physical commodities and commodity based investments, which together with the net aggregate value of holdings under no. (vi) above, does not exceed 20% of its assets;
          (viii) invest in real and personal property required for its business;
          (ix) hold liquid assets and employ techniques and instruments in relation to transferable securities intended to provide protection against exchange risks (by reference to the base currency of the scheme) in the context of, and to assist in, the efficient use and management of its assets and liabilities;
          (x) invest in holdings of units in other schemes up to 10% of its assets in aggregate;
          (xi) save as otherwise provided herein, invest no more than 10% of its assets in transferable securities issued by any one issuer;
          (xii) not lend, assume, guarantee, endorse or otherwise become directly or contingently liable for, or in connection with, any obligation or indebtedness of any person, otherwise in accordance with its scheme documents. In particular, no lending etc., shall be permitted to any company into which a scheme is to make an investment. This prohibition shall also apply where the loan etc. is to be made to the parent, subsidiary or other associated company of the company in which the scheme is to make the investment;
          (xiii) not acquire any asset which involves the assumption of any liability which is unlimited;
          (xiv) not invest in any security of any class in any company or body if any director, officer or broker of the scheme and/or, as may be appropriate, any one of more of the relevant persons (or related or associated persons) owns more than 1/2% of the total nominal amount of all the issued securities of that class, or collectively the directors, officers or brokers of the scheme and/or, as may be appropriate, any one or more of the relevant persons (or related or associated persons) own more than 5% of those securities. This prohibition shall also apply where the ownership of the directors and other parsons referred to above is in the parent, subsidiary or other associated company of the company in which the scheme is to make the investment;
          (xv) not invest in any security where a call is to be made for any sum to be paid on that security unless that call could be paid in full out of cash (or near cash) by the scheme's portfolio;
          (xvi) not (nor may any one or more of the relevant persons or any other person, acting for and on behalf of the scheme) borrow more than 20% of its asset value; provided that:
          (i) its scheme documents shall expressly make provision for such investment policies and that the prospectus and any other promotional literature draw attention to such policies;
          (ii) the above provisions shall not apply to an umbrella fund as if it were a single scheme, but shall apply to each sub-fund of the umbrella fund as if each separate part thereof were a separate scheme;
          (iii) if the investment policies and limits outlined above are breached, the scheme and/or, as may be appropriate, any one or more of the relevant persons shall, in accordance with the scheme documents, take as a priority objective, all steps as are necessary to remedy the situation, taking into account the interests of the scheme and the scheme participants;
          (iv) if the name or particulars of a scheme indicates a specific objective, geographic region or market, the scheme should invest at least 50% of its non-cash assets in securities and other investments to reflect the specific objective, region or market; and
          (v) neither the scheme, nor any one or more relevant persons involved in the management, operation and marketing of a number of schemes which fall within the scope of these principles, may acquire any securities carrying voting rights which will enable it, or them, to exercise significant influence over the management of an issuing body.

        • Repurchase, Redemption, Unit Certificates and other Provisions

          15. The Agency shall be given prior notice of, and shall be invited to attend, all ordinary and extraordinary general meetings for a scheme.
          16. Units in a scheme must be redeemed, repurchased, reimbursed or repaid (as may be appropriate) at the request of the share participants and in accordance with the scheme documents.
          17. Unless the Agency gives its specific prior written agreement, the minimum subscription price on issue for a unit shall be BD100 (or equivalent) per unit for a scheme established in Bahrain, and US$2,000 (or equivalent) per unit for a scheme established outside Bahrain.
          18. Units shall be created or sold, and redeemed, repurchased, reimbursed or repaid (as may be appropriate), in accordance with the scheme documents and at a price arrived at by dividing the net asset value of the scheme by the number of units outstanding; such sale price may be increased by duties and charges as are agreed in advance with the Agency.
          19. Units may not be created unless the equivalent of the net issue price is paid into the assets of the scheme. This shall not preclude the distribution of bonus units. Furthermore, units may not be created or canceled during a period of suspension thereof, or if such creation or cancellation would not be in the interests of the scheme and the scheme participants.
          20. The value of the assets of a scheme shall be based, in the case of officially quoted securities, on the last known stock exchange quotation unless such quotation is not representative of such value. For securities not so quoted, and for securities which are so quoted but for which the latest quotation is not representative, the value shall be based on the estimated realisation value. The method of valuation for other types of asset shall be agreed with the Agency.
          21. Scheme participants shall be informed of any significant decline in the net asset value of a scheme and the reasons therefor.
          22. The scheme documents shall determine the frequency of the calculation of the issue and repurchase and other appropriate prices of the units of such scheme.
          23. Without prejudice to paragraph 22 and at least once a month, an independent auditor approved by the Agency must ensure that (i) the calculation of the value of the units in a scheme is effected in accordance with the formula relevant thereto, and (ii) the schemes assets are invested in accordance with these Principles, the scheme documents and the Agency's directions.
          24. The repurchase, redemption, reimbursement or repayment (as may be appropriate) of units in a scheme may, in accordance with its scheme documents, be temporarily suspended. Suspension may be provided for only where exceptional circumstances so require it, and where justified in the interests of the scheme and the scheme participants. In addition, the Agency may permit, or require such suspension if it considers such action is, or would be, in the interests of the scheme, the scheme participants or the public.
          25. The Agency, and competent authorities in States in which the units of the scheme are marketed, shall he notified, without delay, of any action taken pursuant to paragraph 24.
          26. Scheme participants shall, in accordance with the scheme documents, either(i) be issued with registered certificates representing one or more units of the scheme or, alternatively, (ii) be provided with written confirmation of entry in a register for such units which shall be kept current and up-to-date at all times and shall contain full details of the names and addresses of the scheme participants, the number of units held thereby and the date of acquisition of such units. Such register shall be available for inspection by the scheme participants at a set place and at set times. Such certificates or written confirmation shall constitute prime facie evidence of title to units in a scheme. In all other respects, the certificates and register shall be, in form and substance, satisfactory to the Agency.
          27. The scheme documents, shall amongst other things and as may be appropriate:
          (i) lay down the conditions for the replacement of the relevant persons and provide rules to ensure the protection of the scheme and the scheme participants on the event of such replacement;
          (ii) provide for the remuneration and expenditure of the relevant persons, and the method of calculation thereof; and
          (iii) provide for the conditions and manner of application of income.
          28. The Agency shall satisfy itself as to the experience and standing of all relevant, and other, persons and shall be notified in advance of any changes in the identity thereof.
          29. The Agency's prior approval must be obtained to the form and content of all the scheme documents.
          30. Appropriate procedures shall be established to prevent conflicts of interest arising as a result of the staff of the relevant persons of a scheme dealing in the units of such scheme.

        • Prospectus, Reports and Publication of Information

          31. There shall be published, in accordance with these Principles, the scheme documents and the Agency's directions, a dated and current prospectus (regardless of its actual title) for each scheme, which shall include the necessary information to enable the scheme participants to make an informed judgment of the investment proposed to them. The prospectus must be offered to the scheme participants free of charge before the conclusion of any agreement therewith and must be sent, together with any amendments made thereto from time to time, to the Agency.
          32. The Agency shall specify which of the scheme documents shall form an integral part of the prospectus and which must be annexed thereto.
          33. There shall be published, in accordance with each scheme's scheme documents:
          (i) an Annual Report for each financial year within 3 months from the end of such year (prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standards), which report shall contain a balance sheet, a detailed income and expenditure account, a report on the activities of the scheme during the financial year (including the composition of the scheme's portfolio at the year end), as well as any significant information which will enable the scheme participants to make an informed judgment on the development of the activities of the scheme and its results; and
          (ii) a half-yearly report covering the first six months of the financial year within 2 months from the end of such period, which report shall contain in summary form the information referred to in (i) above; and
          (iii) in each of the above cases, such other information as the Agency may stipulate from time to time.
          34. The above reports must (i) be sent to the Agency, (ii) be made available to the scheme participants free of charge before the conclusion of an agreement therewith, (iii) be made available to the public at a place specified in the prospectus, and (iv) be made available to the scheme participants free of charge on request.
          35. There shall be submitted to the Agency for its prior approval one pro forma copy of each document (together with any amendments made thereto from time to time) relating to a scheme which is to be made available to, or executed by, the scheme participants including, but not limited to, copies of contracts to be entered into with the scheme participants.
          36. If an auditor of a scheme:
          (i) has reason to believe that the information provided to the scheme participants or to the Agency does not truly describe the financial situation of a scheme, or
          (ii) has reason to believe that there has been some breach of these Principles, the scheme documents and the Agency's directions, or
          (iii) has reason to believe that there exist circumstances which are likely to affect materially the ability of the scheme to fulfill its obligations to the scheme participants or to meet any of its financial obligations under these Principles, the scheme documents and the Agency's directions, or
          (iv) has reason to believe that there are material defects in the financial systems, controls or accounting records of the scheme, or
          (v) has reason to believe that there are material inaccuracies in, or omissions from, any returns of a financial nature made by the scheme and/or, as may be appropriate, any one or more of the relevant persons, to the Agency, or
          (vi) proposes to qualify any certificate which he is to provide in relation to the financial statements or returns of the scheme under Bahrain law and these Principles,
          he shall report the matter to the Agency in writing, with a copy to the scheme and/or, as may be appropriate, to the relevant persons, without delay.
          37. The auditor of a scheme shall, if requested by the Agency, furnish to it, with a copy to the scheme and/or (as may be appropriate) the relevant persons, a report stating whether in his opinion and to the best of his knowledge the scheme has complied with these Principles, the scheme documents and/or any relevant directions of the Agency. The auditor may be requested by the Agency to supply it with information available to him as a result of his audit of the scheme.
          38. Subject to the Agency's directions to the contrary, in accordance with the scheme documents there shall be made public the issue, sale, and (as may be appropriate) repurchase, redemption, reimbursement or repayment price of the units in a scheme at least once a month.
          39. All publicity comprising an invitation to purchase units of a scheme must indicate that a prospectus exists and include the places where such prospectus may be obtained.

        • Specific Powers of the Agency

          40. The scheme and/or (as may be appropriate) the relevant persons shall comply with such additional supervisory and reporting requirements or conditions as the Agency considers prudent and/or desirable for the scheme.
          41. There shall be kept, at an office within Bahrain, such books and records relating to the scheme as may be specified by the Agency. Such books and records may be inspected, and removed to the Agency's possession, if it decides that such action is desirable and necessary. These provisions shall extend to all persons in possession of such books or records.
          42. The Agency shall be provided with such information and returns concerning each scheme at such times, within such period and in such form as it may specify. No person shall furnish information or returns under these Principles which he knows to be false and/or misleading. These provisions shall extend to all persons in whose possession such information or returns lie.

        • Schemes Established and Managed Outside Bahrain to be Marketed in Bahrain

          43. Any bank or other financial institution in Bahrain through which a scheme established and managed outside Bahrain is marketed in Bahrain must obtain the authorisation and approval of the Agency prior to the commencement of such marketing. The relevant bank or other financial institution shall send to the Agency as part of its application for authorisation and approval:
          (i) confirmation from licensing authorities in the jurisdiction in which the scheme is established that the scheme is licensed in that jurisdiction;
          (ii) a copy of the relevant scheme's rules and other scheme documents;
          (iii) the prospectus;
          (iv) its latest yearly and half yearly reports;
          (v) details of the arrangements for the marketing of the scheme in Bahrain;
          (vi) details of the parent and other group companies of such bank or other financial institution and, if relevant, of the scheme itself; and
          (vii) any other documentation as may be requested by the Agency.
          44. The Agency shall co-operate and co-ordinate with competent authorities in other countries in order to carry out its authorisation and supervisory duties under these Principles.

        • Revocation and Refusal of Authorisation and Approval

          45. The Agency may revoke the authorisation and approval for a scheme if:
          (i) any of the requirements of the scheme are not met; or
          (ii) deemed desirable in the interests of the scheme, the scheme participants or potential scheme participants; or
          (iii) these Principles or the scheme documents, have been contravened or any false, inaccurate or misleading information has been provided to the Agency or any information which should have been provided to the Agency has not been so provided; or
          (iv) the Agency has been so requested by the scheme and/or, as may be appropriate, any one or more of the relevant persons, of the scheme participants.
          46. Where the Agency proposes to refuse or revoke authorisation of a scheme (otherwise than in the circumstances described in paragraph 45 (iv) above), it shall give the applicants, or, as the case may be, the scheme and/or, as may be appropriate, the relevant persons, written notice of its intention to do so and the reasons for such action.
          47. If it appears to the Agency:
          (i) that the requirements for authorisation are no longer satisfied, or
          (ii) that the exercise of the powers conferred by these Principles is desirable, or
          (iii) that, without prejudice to (ii) above, any provision of these Principles has been contravened, or the Agency has been furnished with false, inaccurate or misleading information,
          it may require the cessation of the issue and/or (as may be appropriate) repurchase, redemption, reimbursement or repayment of units on a specified date and/or the winding up of the scheme by a specified date.
          48. The Agency may, either of its own volition or on the application of the scheme and/or (as may be appropriate) one or more of the relevant persons, withdraw or vary a direction given under these Principles.

        • Advertising and Public Announcements

          49. Advertisements and other announcements to the public in Bahrain to invest in a scheme (whether established in Bahrain or elsewhere) shall be submitted for approval to the Agency prior to the issue or publication thereof in Bahrain. Any approval granted by the Agency may be varied or withdrawn. Once authorized, the advertisement may be used for a maximum period of 12 months, provided there are no material changes in that period to the scheme.
          50. Unless the Agency's specifically otherwise agrees in writing, no radio, television or cinema advertising of a scheme is permitted in Bahrain, nor is door to door canvassing for sales of a scheme permitted.
          51. If any scheme is described as having been authorised and approved by the Agency, it must be stated in all relevant documentation that, in giving this authorisation and approval, the Agency does not take responsibility for the financial soundness of the scheme or for the correctness of any statements made or expressed in relation thereto.
          52. Advertisements and other invitations to the public in Bahrain must not refer to any scheme which has not obtained the prior authorisation and approval of the Agency.
          53. Advertisements should include a warning statement that:

          (i) the price of units (and, if appropriate, the income if dividends are to be paid from them) may go down as well as up, and that past performance is not a guide to future performance; and
          (ii) in certain circumstances, the right to repurchase, redeem, reimburse or repay (as may be appropriate) units may be suspended.

        • Scheme Investigation

          54. Where it appears to the Agency that it is desirable for the protection of the public, the scheme, the scheme participants or potential scheme participants, to appoint a person to investigate:
          (i) any alleged breach of any part of these Principles, any directions of the Agency issued pursuant hereto, a scheme, or any defalcation, fraud or misfeasance in connection with a scheme, and/or
          (ii) any matter concerning dealing in securities or any other assets, or the giving of investment advice, in relation to a scheme,
          the Agency may appoint a person to investigate the allegation or matter and to report thereon to the Agency.
          55. Any person appointed by the Agency pursuant to paragraph 54 above shall be entitled to inspect and take possession of all documents in the possession of any person, to interview all persons relevant to such investigation and to be given all reasonable assistance in relation to such investigation.
          56. At the conclusion of such investigation, the person appointed by the Agency to carry out the investigation shall provide to the Agency a report containing the results of such investigation. A copy of such report shall, at the Agency's discretion, be given by it to the investigated person. Any evidence produced as a result of an investigation undertaken pursuant to these Principles shall be made available to the Agency and, if the Agency so deems appropriate, to the Director of Public Prosecutions.
          57. If it appears to the Agency as a result of the investigation that the person investigated has carried out its operations in any way which contravenes these Principles, any directions issued by the Agency hereunder, the scheme documents, and/or the BMA Law, such person shall be required to take such action as the Agency deems appropriate.

        • Publication of Names of Authorised Schemes

          58. The Agency shall publish once a year, in the Annual Report of the Agency, the names of all schemes which are then currently authorised and approved by it.

    • Collective Investment Schemes (Amendment to Item I.B of the Regulation)

      • Agency Circular OG/121/99 Collective Investment Schemes

        OG/121/99

        19th April, 1999

        The General Manager
        All FCBs, IBs, OBUs and Representative Offices
        The Managing Partner
        Selected Law Firms and Auditing Firms
        Manama
        Bahrain

        Dear Sir,

        Re: Collective Investment Schemes

        As you are aware, in accordance with Resolution No. (3) of 1992 dated 24th October, 1992 signed by H.H. Sh. Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa, The Prime Minister, chairman of the Board of Directors of the Bahrain Monetary Agency, the Agency is responsible for the overall licensing and regulation of Collective Investment Schemes in Bahrain. Pursuant to this Resolution, on 18th November, 1992 the Agency issued a Regulation (Agency Circular OG/356/92) concerning the Supervision, Operation and Marketing of Schemes.

        As part of the process of developing Bahrain's banking and financial center, the Agency has decided that, effective as of the date of this Circular, it will consider application for authorization and approval to establish Schemes in Bahrain, and/or to market Schemes in/from Bahrain, (1) from banks and other financial institutions operating in/from Bahrain and licensed by the Agency, and (2) from banks and other financial or other institutions which are not operating in/from Bahrain (and, therefore, not licensed by the Agency), but which are institutions of high standing and good reputation and which are operating in/from other reputable international financial centers. Paragraph 1.B of the above Regulation is, therefore, amended to take account of this change.

        In addition to meeting the requirements set out in the Regulation (and subsidiary principles issued pursuant thereto), a local representative will to be appointed in Bahrain for Schemes falling under (2) above. This representative, who the Agency would ordinarily expect to be a law firm, accountancy firm or an Agency licensee (and who must be acceptable to the Agency in terms of experience, qualifications and abilities), will act as the person in Bahrain who is responsible for all administrative and other matters pertaining to the Scheme.

        Any authorization and approval given for a Scheme falling under (2) above will require the payment to the Agency of an annual fee of Bahraini Dinars Two Thousand (in the case of an "Umbrella Scheme", Bahraini Dinars 2,000 x (1+x) where x is the number of subschemes in the Umbrella Scheme).

        Schemes listed on the Bahrain Stock Exchange ordinarily attract separate listing charges. For Schemes falling under (2) above for which the Agency has given its authorization and approval, however, no listing fees will be levied by the Exchange. Separate Commercial Registration fees will, however, be charged by the Ministry of Commerce for the Commercial Registration of any locally incorporated Scheme and for any expansion in the permitted activities of the local representative of a Scheme. The Ministry should be contacted directly in relation to the amount of all such fees.

        Queries and/or clarifications in relation to the contents of this Circular should be addressed to Anwar Al Sadah, Director—Financial Institutions' Supervision Directorate at the Agency on phone number 529444. Application forms for authorization and approval of Schemes can be obtained directly from the Directorate.

        Yours faithfully,

        Abdulla H. Saif
        Governor

    • Quarterly Information Returns for Collective Investment Schemes

      • Agency Circular BC/15/97 Quarterly Information Returns for Collective Investment Schemes

        BC/15/97

        5th October, 1997

        The General Manager,
        All FCBs, IBs, OBUs & Representative Offices,
        Manama,
        Bahrain.

        Dear Sir,

        Re: Quarterly Information Returns for Collective Investment Schemes

        In accordance with Article 4 (D) of the Regulation with respect to the general supervision, operation and marketing of Collective Investment Schemes in/from Bahrain, you are requested to submit the attached quarterly return to the Agency no later than 20 days from the end of each quarter. The attached return replaces the return attached to Agency Circular No. BMA/487/94 dated 16th April, 1994 with effect from end-1997. For the sake of clarity, the first return using the attached form will, therefore, be for the quarter ending 31st December, 1997 and should be send to the Agency no later than 21st January, 1998.

        Returns should be sent to the Agency for the attention of Mr. Anwar Al-Sadah, Director of Fin. Inst. Sup. Directorate (Tel: 529444/ 445).

        Your co-operation in this matter is greatly appreciated.

        Yours faithfully,

        Dr. Khalid Abdulla Ateeq,
        Executive Director – Banking Control.

        Collective Investment Schemes Return for the Quarter Ending../.../199X

        Name of the Institution:.......................

        Type of License :.................................

        Amount in US$'000

        Name of Fund Type of Fund Duration of the fund / to Overall Subscription in the fund Net Assets Value of the fund Size of Fund Marketed in / from Bahrain Type of Investment Geographical Location of the Investment Approval Authority
        Institutions Individuals
        Guranteed / Unguranteed Open-ended/Close-ended Residence in Bahrain Residence Abroad Residence in Bahrain Residence Abroad
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                 


        Authorised Signature:.......................

        Name :..............................................

        Position:...........................................

    • Guidelines on Advertising and Public Announcements for Collective Investment Schemes

      • BC/23/99 Collective Investment Schemes

        BC/23/99

        27th October, 1999

        The General Manager
        All FCBs, OBUs, IBs and Representative Offices
        Manama
        Bahrain

        Dear Sir,

        Collective Investment Schemes

        The Agency refers to Circulars No. 356/92, 318/95 and 121/99 dated 18th November, 1992, 4th November, 1995 and 19th April, 1999 respectively, and specifically to Paragraphs 49-5 3 (inclusive) of the second Circular referred to above. The Agency has decided that, with effect from the date of this Circular, banks and financial institutions engaged in the marketing and/or establishment of Collective Investment Schemes in/from Bahrain may advertise Schemes in accordance with the attached Guidelines. Terms used in the Guidelines shall have the same meaning as set out in the above Circulars.

        Agency officials will, during the course of their normal inspection of Licensees' activities, undertake a review of advertisements used by Licensees for Collective Investment Schemes. It should be noted that the Guidelines apply to all forms of advertising, regardless of the media used.

        Banks and financial institutions seeking clarification on any point referred to therein should contact Mr. Anwar Khalifa A1-Sadah, Director of Financial Institutions Supervision Directorate, at the Agency on Tel: 529444/529445.

        Yours faithfully,

        Dr. Khalid Abdulla Ateeq
        Executive Director - Banking Control

      • Guidelines on Advertising and Public Announcements for Collective Investment Schemes

        • 1. General Matters

          (i) Steps must be taken to ensure that advertisements are fair and not misleading.
          (ii) The purpose of advertisements must be clear and self-explanatory.
          (iii) The nature or type of schemes to which advertisements relate must be clear.
          (iv) Any assumptions on which statements in advertisements are based must be stated.
          (v) Advertisements must not provide any false or misleading indications.
          (vi) The design and presentation of advertisements should allow them to be easily and clearly understood.
          (vii) Any risk warnings used in advertisements must he prominently presented and not be obscured or disguised.
          (viii) Advertisements must not seek to take improper advantage of any circumstance that may make investors/potential investors vulnerable.
          (ix) Advertisements should not mislead investors/potential investors about any matter likely to influence their attitudes to the scheme in question.
          (x) Advertisements should be prepared with the aim of ensuring that investors/potential investors fully grasp the nature of the scheme in question.

        • 2. Guarantees

          Advertisements must not describe schemes as "guaranteed" unless there is a legally enforceable guarantee in place and full details of guarantees, sufficient for a fair assessment to be made about the value of such guarantees, are given.

        • 3. Comparisons

          Comparisons (or contrasts) must be based either on verified facts or on stated assumptions. Comparisons must not be misleading and must be presented in a fair and balanced way and not omit anything material.

        • 4. Past Performance

          Any information in the advertisement about the past performance of the scheme in question must be relevant, complete, not exaggerate the success (or disguise the lack of success) of the scheme in question, based on actual performance, and contain a warning that neither past experience nor the current situation is necessarily a guide to future performance.

        • 5. Taxation

          Advertisements must contain information on all applicable taxes and the impact of taxation for investors/potential investors.

        • 6. Unusual Risks

          Advertisements must adequately explain any unusual risks involved in the scheme in question.

        • 7. Fluctuations

          Where the scheme unit price or value can fluctuate, a statement must be made that prices or values may fall or rise.

        • 8. High Volatility

          Where appropriate, advertisements must state that sudden and large falls in value may occur and detail the effect of such falls.

        • 9. Investment Income

          Where a scheme is described as being likely to yield income or as being suitable for an investor/potential investor particularly seeking income, the investor/potential investor must be warned, if it is the case, that such income may fluctuate.

        • 10. Foreign Currency

          Where a scheme is denominated in a currency other than that of the country in which an advertisement is issued, the investor/potential investor must be warned that changes in rates of exchange may have an adverse effect on the value, price or income of his holding in the scheme in question.

        • 11. Schemes carrying Contingent Liability

          Where an advertisement relates to a scheme in which investors/potential investors may not only lose all of the amount originally invested, but may also have to pay more later, the advertisement must state this fact.

        • 12. Cancellation

          Where cancellation rights apply, all rights and liabilities on cancellation should be disclosed.

        • 13. Forecasts or Projections

          Where an advertisement contains any forecast or projection, it should make clear the basis upon which that forecast or projection is made.

    • Quarterly Information Return for Collective Investment Schemes

      • Agency Circular BC/I3/2001 Quarterly Information Returns for Collective Investment Schemes

        BC/I3/2001

        9th December, 2001

        The General Manager
        All FCBs, IBs, OBUs and Representative Offices
        Manama
        Bahrain

        Dear Sir,

        Re: Quarterly Information Returns for Collective Investment Schemes

        Further to our Circular No. BC/15/97 of 5th October 1997, regarding the Quarterly Information Returns that you are requested to be submitted to the Agency at the end of each quarter. The Agency would like to inform you that the following changes are incorporated in the above return:

        •   "Geographical Location of the Investment" column is divided into two items: (i) the funds that are invested by each scheme (mutual fund) Inside Bahrain, and (ii) the funds that are invested by a scheme Outside Bahrain.
        •   "Major Markets of the Fund" column indicates the markets in which the scheme invests its funds (i.e. US, EC countries, GCC, Global....etc).

        For the sake of clarity, please refer to the attached example on how to fill the return.

        The attached return replaces the previous return attached to the Agency's Circular No. BC/15/1997 dated 5th October 1997 with effect from the fourth quarter of 2001. The first return using the attached form will, therefore, be for the quarter ending 31st December 2001 and should be sent to the Agency on a date not later that 21st January 2002.

        Should you have any queries in respect of any matter referred to in this Circular, please do not hesitate to contact Mr. Abdul Rahman Al-Baker, Head of Investment Business on Tel 547449 or Fax No. 537554.

        Yours faithfully,

        Dr. Khalid Abdulla Ateeq
        Executive Director Banking Control


        Download this form in PDF format.

        Collective Investment Scheme
        Return for the Quarter Ending.../.../200X

        Name of the Institution:............................

        Type of License:......................................

        Amount in US$'000

        Name of the Fund Type of the Fund Duration of the Fund Overall Subscription in the Fund (US$) Net Assets Value Per Share (US$) Size of Funds Marketed in / from Bahrain (US$) Type of Investment Geographical Location of the Investment (US$) Major Markets of the Fund Approval Authority
        Institutions Individuals Inside Bahrain Outside Bahrain
        Guranteed / Ungaranteed Open-ended / Close-end Residence Residence Abroad Residence in Bahrain Residence Abroad
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     
                                     


        Authorised Signature:............................

        Name:....................................................

        Position:................................................

        Example:

        Collective Investment Schemes
        Return for the Quarter Ending 31/12/2001

        Name of the Institution:............................

        Type of Licence:......................................

        Amount in US$'000

        Name of Fund Type of Fund Duration of the fund from / to (A) Overall Subscription in the Fund (US$) Net Assets Value Per Share (US$) (B) Size of Funds Marketed in / from Bahrain (US$) Type of Investment (C) Geographical Location of the Investment (US$) Major Markets of the Fund Approval Authority
        Institutions Individuals Inside Bahrain Outside Bahrain
        Guranteed / Unguranteed Open-ended/Close-ended Residence in Bahrain Residence Abroad Residence in Bahrain Residence Abroad
                                     
        XYZ US Growth Fund - Open-ended - 3,000 2,000 7,000 8,000 10.00 20,000 Equity - 20,000 US Cayman
                                     
        Bahrain Growth Fund Guranteed Close-ended 2001-2005 - 4,000 2,000 4,000 100 10,000 Equity 10,000 - Bahrain BMA
                                     
                                     


        Authorised Signature:...........................

        Name:...................................................

        Position:................................................

        NOTES:

        1. The total of all items under (A) should equal the total amounts indicated in (B).
        •   Residence in Bahrain : To be a resident of Bahrain, an individual or institution, irrespective of his/her/its nationality, should stay in Bahrain or plans to stay in Bahrain for a period of one year or longer.
        •   Residence Abroad : Any individual or institution that is based or located outside Bahrain.
        2. "Geographical Location of the Investment" column is divided into two items: (i) the funds that arc invested by each scheme (mutual fund) Inside Bahrain, and (ii) the funds that are invested by a scheme Outside Bahrain. The total amounts in these two items should be equal to the amounts mentioned in the "Size of Funds Marketed in/from Bahrain". In other words, the total of the two items under (C) should equal the total amounts in (B) column.
        3. "Major Markets of the Fund" column indicates the markets in which the scheme invests its funds (i.e US, EC countries, GCC, Global.... etc).

    • Collective Investment Schemes Information to be Contained in Scheme Particulars Documents

      • Agency Circular BC/05/2002 Collective Investment Schemes — Information to be Contained in Scheme Particulars Documents

        BC/05/2002

        1st June, 2002

        The General Manager
        All FCBs/IBs/OBUs and Representative Offices
        Manama
        Kingdom of Bahrain

        Dear Sir,

        Re : Collective Investment Schemes – Information to be Contained in Scheme Particulars Documents

        In accordance with Articles 29 and 31 of the Principles of Supervision, Operation and Marketing with respect to Collective Investment Schemes, Circular No. OG/318/95, dated 4th November 1995, banks or financial institutions are required to submit to the Agency as part of their application for authorisation and approval, the prospectus of any proposed Collective Investment Scheme. The attached document outlines the minimum information which should be contained in the prospectus of a locally incorporated scheme.

        The prospectus of such schemes must contain the matters specified in the attached document and should contain any other information the inclusion of which is necessary to help the investors make an informed assessment of the scheme.

        Any queries and/or clarification sought in relation to the attached document should be directed to Mr. Abdul Rahman Al-Baker, Head of Investment Business on Tel : 547449 or Fax No. 537554.

        Yours faithfully,

        Dr. Khalid Abdulla Ateeq

      • Information to be Contained in the Scheme Particulars Document

        1) Constitution of the scheme:

        The name and date of incorporation of the scheme, with an indication of its duration if limited, its features and the legal status of the scheme.
        2) The Operators and Principals of the scheme:
        2.1) The Manager:

        The following particulars of the investment manager should be stated:
        a) The name, address of the registered office and the principal place of business of the manager.
        b) The country or territory of incorporation and the date of incorporation.
        c) If it is a subsidiary, the name of its ultimate holding company and the country in which that holding company is incorporated.
        d) The names of the directors of the investment manager.
        e) A description of its principal business activity.
        2.2) The Custodian/Trustee:

        The following particulars of the custodian/trustee should be stated :
        a) The name, address of the registered office and the principal place of business of the custodian/trustee.
        b) The country or territory of its incorporation and the date of incorporation.
        c) If it is a subsidiary, the name of its ultimate holding company and the country in which that holding company is incorporated.
        d) A description of its principal business activity.
        2.3) The Investment Advisor:

        If the manager employs the services of an investment advisor who manages any of the property of the scheme or provides advice in relation to the scheme, the following particulars of the investment advisor should be stated:
        a) The name, the address of the registered office and the principal place of business of the investment advisor.
        b) The country or territory of its incorporation and the date of incorporation.
        c) Whether the investment advisor is a body corporate in a group of which the investment manager is a member.
        d) The main terms of the agreement or arrangement between the manager and investment advisor and whether the investment advisor has the authority of the manager to make decisions on behalf of the manager, and a description of the matters in relation to which the investment advisor has that authority.
        2.4) The Registrar:

        The name and address of the registrar, who maintains the register of participants in the scheme, should be clearly stated.
        2.5) The Auditors:

        The name and address of the auditors should be clearly stated in the document.
        2.6) Others concerned in the management and operation of the scheme:

        The name, address and function of any person (other than the operators and principals mentioned above) who has significant responsibilities in connection with the management of the scheme and the period for which that person, the fund and the manager was appointed.
        3) Investment Policy and Restrictions:

        The following should be stated:
        a) Whether the objective of the investment policy is to be capital growth, income or some other stated policy.
        b) The manager's investment policy for achieving that objective.
        c) A description of the type of property which may be included in the scheme.
        d) Any limitations or restrictions on the types of property which may be included in the scheme, including but not limited to references to the individual securities or derivatives markets through which the scheme would primarily invest or, if more appropriate, a statement that there are no restrictions on the markets which may be used. Also, the maximum extent to which the scheme may invest in any single asset, in terms of value and/or as a proportion of the portfolio of the scheme.
        e) In case of a scheme that invests in assets which are not readily realizable, the maximum extent to which the scheme may invest in such assets.
        f) Any economic sectors or geographical areas to which investment will be confined or which are likely to be preferred in the making of decisions as to how the funds of the scheme are to be invested.
        g) If the investment policy does not envisage remaining fully invested at all times, a statement of the manager's policy in that respect.
        h) The extent to which the manager would place deposits with institutions within the same group and any specific restrictions which would apply.
        i) The extent to which the scheme may invest in other collective investment schemes managed by the investment manager or an associate, together with the nature of those schemes and any specific restrictions that would apply.
        j) Whether or not the scheme may contain securities of which any issue or offer of sale was underwritten, managed or arranged by the manager or any associate of the manager during the preceding 12 months.
        k) A description of any borrowing powers which are available to the scheme, including the circumstances in which the manager may borrow on behalf of the scheme and the limits of such borrowing.
        l) A description of any hedging powers which are available to the scheme.
        m) A description of any special investment techniques (such as transactions which involve gearing or stocklending) which the manager is empowered to employ, and/or whether the manager may on behalf of the scheme underwrite or sub-underwrite any issue or offer for sale of securities.
        4) Number of units in issue:

        If the marketing in connection with which the scheme particulars are published will or may consist of an offer of units in the scheme for sale or subscription, the number of units in the scheme which have been or will be issued and the price per unit should be clearly stated in the document.
        5) The Characteristics of units in the scheme:

        The following should be stated:
        a) In relation to each available type of units in the scheme:
        i. The entitlement of the holder of those units to participate in the property of the scheme and the income thereof;
        ii. A statement of the nominal value (if any) of each type of unit; and
        iii. Where there is more than one unit type, the name given to each type and the characteristics of each type which distinguish it from the others.
        b) If title to the units or to some of the units will be evidenced by entries on a register of unitholders, whether or not certificates evidencing title to those units will be issued.
        c) What voting rights are exercisable at meetings of unitholders by the holders of units and, if different rights are attached to different classes of units, what those differences are.
        d) Whether persons other than unitholders can vote at meetings of unitholders and who those persons are.
        6) The Valuation of the property of the scheme:

        The following should be stated:
        a) How frequently and what time of day in a specified country or territory the property of the scheme will be valued for the purpose of determining prices at which units in the scheme may be sold or repurchased by the investment manager.
        b) In relation to each purpose for which the property of the scheme will be required to be valued, the following matters should be disclosed:
        i. The method of valuation of assets and liabilities of a scheme; and
        ii. The method of pricing and determination of investment return of a scheme.
        c) The circumstances under which the method of valuation and pricing may change for a scheme.
        7) The Sale and Redemption of Units in the scheme:

        The following should be disclosed:
        a) The days and times on which the manager will carry out requests for the sale and redemption of units.
        b) The procedures for effecting the sale and redemption of units in the scheme.
        c) The steps required to be taken by a unitholder in redeeming units before he can receive the proceeds of redemption.
        d) The minimum initial investment, subsequent holding, minimum switching amount and the minimum redemption amount, if any, in the scheme.
        e) The maximum interval between a request for redemption and the payment of redemption proceeds to the unitholder in the scheme.
        f) The circumstances in which dealing may be deferred or suspended for a scheme.
        8) Fees and Charges:

        Explanation of all fees and charges of the scheme should be clearly disclosed in the document. These fees and charges include:
        a) All fees and charges payable by unitholders of a scheme, including all charges levied on subscription and redemption of the units in the scheme.
        b) All fees and charges payable, or can reasonably be expected to be payable by the scheme, including investment management fees, performance fees, custodian or trustee fees, guarantee fees, brokerage fees, preliminary (start-up) expenses, advertising and promotional expenses and any other charges and expenses.
        c) Details of whether charges are subject to change and the relevant notice period to the unitholders of such proposal (if any).
        d) In disclosing the above fees and charges of a scheme, the following points should be taken into consideration:
        i. All fees and charges, if expressed as a percentage, must be disclosed on a per annum basis;
        ii. Where a performance fee is charged by way of deduction from the unitholders' funds, the following should be stated:
        1) the frequency at which the performance fee is charged to the scheme; and
        2) the basis upon which the performance fee is calculated should be disclosed.
        iii. Where advertising, promotional or other selling expenses are expected to be charged to a scheme, an estimate of the amount to be charged, whether as a percentage of the net asset value of the scheme or otherwise, should be disclosed; and
        iv. In case of indeterminable fees and charges, the basis of calculation or the estimated ranges should be disclosed. In addition, where complex calculations are required to disclose fees and charges, illustrative examples should be given for clarity.
        9) Distribution Policy:

        The distribution policy and the approximate dates on which dividends (if any) will be paid to unitholders should be clearly stated in the document.
        10) Reports and Accounts:

        The following should be disclosed:
        a) The financial year of the scheme; and
        b) Particulars of what reports will be sent to the registered unitholders of the scheme and when they will be sent, should be clearly stated in the document.
        11) Warnings:

        The risk warning statements should be clearly disclosed in the document. This should include:
        a) A prominent warning should be stated to the effect that the investment involves risks, except where the fund's investment return is subject to a non-variable guarantee.
        b) To the extent that the underlying investments involve risks, a detailed description of the risks should be clearly stated in the document.
        12) Inspection of documents:

        A list of constitutive documents and the address where they can be inspected and copies of them obtained, should be clearly disclosed in the document.
        13) Termination of scheme:

        The following should be stated:
        a) Any limit to the life of the scheme; and
        b) Any arrangement made for the termination of the scheme and the circumstances in which such termination will or may take place.
        14) Governing Law:

        The offering document should specify the governing law of the scheme.
        15) Taxation:

        Details of taxes that are levied on the income and capital of a scheme, including tax deducted on the distribution to unitholders of a scheme, if any, should be disclosed in the document.
        16) Money Laundering:

        A statement that clearly indicates the measures that will be taken into consideration to comply with the Money Laundering Regulation issued by the Bahrain Monetary Agency on 14th October 2001, pursuant to the Amiri Decree Law No. 23 of 1973 (the BMA Law) and Amiri Decree Law No. 4 of 2001 (with respect to the Prevention and Prohibition of the Laundering of Money), and the documentation that needs to be provided by an investor subscribing to the scheme.
        17) General Information:

        Any other material information which may include, but is not limited to, the following should be disclosed in the document:
        a) The date of publication of the offering document.
        b) A statement that the directors of the scheme or the management company accept responsibility for the information contained in the offering document as being accurate at the date of publication.
        c) If the scheme is described as having been authorized and approved by the Bahrain Monetary Agency, the offering document should state that the Agency does not take responsibility for the financial soundness of the scheme or for the correctness of any statement made or expressed in the document.
        d) A statement that unitholders of a scheme will be notified in the following circumstances:
        i. Any changes in the investment policy;
        ii. Any changes in the investment manager or the operators of the scheme;
        iii. The merger, division or termination of the scheme; and
        iv. Any major issues that may effect the unitholders of the scheme.
        e) If the scheme invests primarily in investments which are considered as illiquid, the document should include a clear statement of that fact.
        f) In the case of an umbrella fund, the document should clearly state the arrangements that are made for charges in the case of an exchange of units in one part of the scheme for units in another part of the scheme, including the maximum amount of the charge and the minimum number of exchanges that will be permitted free of charge (if any).

        Bahrain Monetary Agency

        June, 2002